Java实现将文本内容、网址链接url,生成二维码与反解析

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      QR码的“QR”是Quick Response 的缩写,是二维码的一种。这种二维码能够快速读取,与之前的条形码相比,QR 码能存储更丰富的信息,包括对文字、URL 地址和其他类型的数据加密。这篇文章将分享如何使用Java实现将文本内容及任意数据生成二维码,扫码就解析显示数据;将网址链接url,生成二维码,扫码即可跳转;并实现二维码数据反解析。

1、下载QR二维码包,zxing.jar 我这里用的是3.0 版本的core包(core-3.0.0.jar)。下载地址:http://download.csdn.net/detail/ljheee/9686956

      ZXing是一个开源Java类库用于解析多种格式的1D/2D条形码。目标是能够对QR编码、Data MatrixUPC1D条形码进行解码。

2、Java工程

      新建一个java工程,将下载好的jar包,core-3.0.0.jar导入工程Bulid Path

      步骤:右击工程,选择“Bulid Path”,选择弹出对话框的“Libraries”,之后选择“add  External JARs”,找到jar文件的存放路径,点击Apply


工程代码2个核心Java文件如下:

BufferedImageLuminanceSource.java 

package com.ljheee.demo;

import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import com.google.zxing.LuminanceSource;

/**
 * LuminanceSource这类层次结构的目的是不同的位图实现跨平台为请求获得灰度亮度值的标准接口。该接口只提供了抽象方法,
 * 因此可以生成和旋转创建副本。这是为了确保一个读者不修改原来的亮度源,并让它在一个未知的状态,在链中的其他读者。
 * https://zxing.github.io/zxing/apidocs/com/google/zxing/LuminanceSource.html
 * @author ljheee
 *
 */
public class BufferedImageLuminanceSource extends LuminanceSource {
	
	private final BufferedImage image;
	private final int left;
	private final int top;

	public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image) {
		this(image, 0, 0, image.getWidth(), image.getHeight());
	}

	/**
	 * 构造方法
	 * @param image
	 * @param left
	 * @param top
	 * @param width
	 * @param height
	 */
	public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image, int left, int top, int width, int height) {
		super(width, height);

		int sourceWidth = image.getWidth();
		int sourceHeight = image.getHeight();
		if (left + width > sourceWidth || top + height > sourceHeight) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Crop rectangle does not fit within image data.");
		}

		for (int y = top; y < top + height; y++) {
			for (int x = left; x < left + width; x++) {
				if ((image.getRGB(x, y) & 0xFF000000) == 0) {
					image.setRGB(x, y, 0xFFFFFFFF); // = white
				}
			}
		}

		this.image = new BufferedImage(sourceWidth, sourceHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY);
		this.image.getGraphics().drawImage(image, 0, 0, null);
		this.left = left;
		this.top = top;
	}

	
	@Override
	public byte[] getRow(int y, byte[] row) {//从底层平台的位图提取一行(only one row)的亮度数据值
		if (y < 0 || y >= getHeight()) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Requested row is outside the image: " + y);
		}
		int width = getWidth();
		if (row == null || row.length < width) {
			row = new byte[width];
		}
		image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top + y, width, 1, row);
		return row;
	}

	@Override
	public byte[] getMatrix() {///从底层平台的位图提取亮度数据值
		int width = getWidth();
		int height = getHeight();
		int area = width * height;
		byte[] matrix = new byte[area];
		image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top, width, height, matrix);
		return matrix;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean isCropSupported() {//是否支持裁剪
		return true;
	}

	/**
	 * 返回一个新的对象与裁剪的图像数据。实现可以保存对原始数据的引用,而不是复制。
	 */
	@Override
	public LuminanceSource crop(int left, int top, int width, int height) {
		return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(image, this.left + left, this.top + top, width, height);
	}
	
	@Override
	public boolean isRotateSupported() {//是否支持旋转
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public LuminanceSource rotateCounterClockwise() {//逆时针旋转图像数据的90度,返回一个新的对象。
		int sourceWidth = image.getWidth();
		int sourceHeight = image.getHeight();
		AffineTransform transform = new AffineTransform(0.0, -1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0, sourceWidth);
		BufferedImage rotatedImage = new BufferedImage(sourceHeight, sourceWidth, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY);
		Graphics2D g = rotatedImage.createGraphics();
		g.drawImage(image, transform, null);
		g.dispose();
		int width = getWidth();
		return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(rotatedImage, top, sourceWidth - (left + width), getHeight(), width);
	}
}

QRCodeUtil.java

package com.ljheee.demo;

import java.awt.BasicStroke;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.Image;
import java.awt.Shape;
import java.awt.geom.RoundRectangle2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Random;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;

import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat;
import com.google.zxing.BinaryBitmap;
import com.google.zxing.DecodeHintType;
import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType;
import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatReader;
import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatWriter;
import com.google.zxing.Result;
import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix;
import com.google.zxing.common.HybridBinarizer;
import com.google.zxing.qrcode.decoder.ErrorCorrectionLevel;
/**
 * 二维码生成工具
 * @author ljheee
 *
 */
public class QRCodeUtil {

	private static final String CHARSET = "utf-8";
	private static final String FORMAT_NAME = "JPG";
	// 二维码尺寸
	private static final int QRCODE_SIZE = 300;
	// LOGO宽度
	private static final int WIDTH = 60;
	// LOGO高度
	private static final int HEIGHT = 60;
	

	/**
	 * 生成二维码
	 * @param content	源内容
	 * @param imgPath	生成二维码保存的路径
	 * @param needCompress	是否要压缩
	 * @return		返回二维码图片
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	private static BufferedImage createImage(String content, String imgPath, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		Hashtable hints = new Hashtable();
		hints.put(EncodeHintType.ERROR_CORRECTION, ErrorCorrectionLevel.H);
		hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, CHARSET);
		hints.put(EncodeHintType.MARGIN, 1);
		BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(content, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, QRCODE_SIZE, QRCODE_SIZE,
				hints);
		int width = bitMatrix.getWidth();
		int height = bitMatrix.getHeight();
		BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
		for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
			for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
				image.setRGB(x, y, bitMatrix.get(x, y) ? 0xFF000000 : 0xFFFFFFFF);
			}
		}
		if (imgPath == null || "".equals(imgPath)) {
			return image;
		}
		// 插入图片
		QRCodeUtil.insertImage(image, imgPath, needCompress);
		return image;
	}

	/**
	 * 在生成的二维码中插入图片
	 * @param source
	 * @param imgPath
	 * @param needCompress
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	private static void insertImage(BufferedImage source, String imgPath, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		File file = new File(imgPath);
		if (!file.exists()) {
			System.err.println("" + imgPath + "   该文件不存在!");
			return;
		}
		Image src = ImageIO.read(new File(imgPath));
		int width = src.getWidth(null);
		int height = src.getHeight(null);
		if (needCompress) { // 压缩LOGO
			if (width > WIDTH) {
				width = WIDTH;
			}
			if (height > HEIGHT) {
				height = HEIGHT;
			}
			Image image = src.getScaledInstance(width, height, Image.SCALE_SMOOTH);
			BufferedImage tag = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
			Graphics g = tag.getGraphics();
			g.drawImage(image, 0, 0, null); // 绘制缩小后的图
			g.dispose();
			src = image;
		}
		// 插入LOGO
		Graphics2D graph = source.createGraphics();
		int x = (QRCODE_SIZE - width) / 2;
		int y = (QRCODE_SIZE - height) / 2;
		graph.drawImage(src, x, y, width, height, null);
		Shape shape = new RoundRectangle2D.Float(x, y, width, width, 6, 6);
		graph.setStroke(new BasicStroke(3f));
		graph.draw(shape);
		graph.dispose();
	}

	/**
	 * 生成带logo二维码,并保存到磁盘
	 * @param content
	 * @param imgPath	logo图片
	 * @param destPath
	 * @param needCompress
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, String destPath, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		BufferedImage image = QRCodeUtil.createImage(content, imgPath, needCompress);
		mkdirs(destPath);
		String file = new Random().nextInt(99999999) + ".jpg";//生成随机文件名
		ImageIO.write(image, FORMAT_NAME, new File(destPath + "/" + file));
	}

	public static void mkdirs(String destPath) {
		File file = new File(destPath);
		// 当文件夹不存在时,mkdirs会自动创建多层目录,区别于mkdir。(mkdir如果父目录不存在则会抛出异常)
		if (!file.exists() && !file.isDirectory()) {
			file.mkdirs();
		}
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, String destPath) throws Exception {
		QRCodeUtil.encode(content, imgPath, destPath, false);
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String destPath, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, destPath, needCompress);
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String destPath) throws Exception {
		QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, destPath, false);
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, OutputStream output, boolean needCompress)
			throws Exception {
		BufferedImage image = QRCodeUtil.createImage(content, imgPath, needCompress);
		ImageIO.write(image, FORMAT_NAME, output);
	}

	public static void encode(String content, OutputStream output) throws Exception {
		QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, output, false);
	}

	
	/**
	 * 从二维码中,解析数据
	 * @param file	二维码图片文件
	 * @return	 返回从二维码中解析到的数据值
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static String decode(File file) throws Exception {
		BufferedImage image;
		image = ImageIO.read(file);
		if (image == null) {
			return null;
		}
		BufferedImageLuminanceSource source = new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(image);
		BinaryBitmap bitmap = new BinaryBitmap(new HybridBinarizer(source));
		Result result;
		Hashtable hints = new Hashtable();
		hints.put(DecodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, CHARSET);
		result = new MultiFormatReader().decode(bitmap, hints);
		String resultStr = result.getText();
		return resultStr;
	}

	public static String decode(String path) throws Exception {
		return QRCodeUtil.decode(new File(path));
	}

}

工程路径下,有一个11.jpg图片做logo:

 


main方法:

package com.ljheee.app;
import com.ljheee.demo.QRCodeUtil;

public class App {

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		
		//生成带logo 的二维码 
		String text = "http://my.csdn.net/ljheee";
		QRCodeUtil.encode(text, "11.JPG", "d:/WPS", true);
		
		//生成不带logo 的二维码
		String textt = "http://www.baidu.com";
		QRCodeUtil.encode(textt,"","d:/WPS",true);
		
		//指定二维码图片,解析返回数据
		System.out.println(QRCodeUtil.decode("D:/WPS/75040887.jpg"));
 
	}
}

结果:在指定目录下,生成并保存了二维码。

 

 

扫码后,即可加入我的博客。

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